Even though not everyone fully understands what it is just yet or the many potentials it holds, you’ve probably encountered the subject of 5G mobile network technology in discussions at some point.
It is a hot topic and there are several wild predictions about how 5G technology will revolutionize everything we known about wireless connectivity.
How true are these claims and what are the things to expect with the emergence of this service especially in the area of mobile application development?
5G refers to fifth-generation wireless technology. It uses ultra-Wide Band Networks operating at low energy levels.
Compared to its earlier predecessors beginning from Analog signals (1G) to what we have today as advanced LTE (4G), 5G promises a lot more in terms of faster speed, little to no latency as well as wider wireless coverage.
Currently, 4G has a transmission speed of 20Mbps and a latency of 50ms.
When placed side by side with 5G with a transmission speed of 10Gbps and latency of 1ms, it is easy to see why 5G may hold the potentials to completely revolutionize how the mobile world functions.
Here are some of the major predictions on the future of 5G:
IoT refers to the Internet of Things.
This is the technology that connects devices, which allows them to communicate with each other and perform tasks.
The more popular applications of IoT include smart home security systems, connected appliances, autonomous equipment among other things.
As expected, IoT relies heavily on transferring and receiving data.
Currently, two main challenging areas for IoT include a poor connection between systems and long lag times.
These are areas where 5G can help unleash the potentials of the Internet of Things. 5G offers higher connectivity with low or no latency at all.
This will make it possible to connect multiple devices and seamlessly transfer data across these interconnected ecosystems.
To put it in numbers, 5G is expected to be up to 100 times faster than existing 4G internet network.
There will also be less lag time which means handling huge amounts of data in real-time will be easier.
Only a network with the speed and connectivity that 5G offers will be able to handle the large number of interconnected systems required to build smart cities of the future.
Some of the expected features of a smart city include smart grid systems with more efficient energy usage, smart sensors to monitor and control utilities, AI-powered systems, connected and monitored healthcare among other things.
All of these advanced capabilities can only run effectively on a network as powerful as 5G.
The concept of smart spaces is an aspect of IoT that will be most beneficial for businesses and their customers.
Smart spaces (or connected places) are physical locations that are equipped with sensors, connected on a network to report the conditions and usage of those locations.
The advent of 5G technology will signal a rise in smart spaces especially in areas with a high density of user traffic like airports, hotels, train stations, amusement parks, stadiums, and so on where information about the performance and maintenance needs of these areas are important.
The global wearables market has seen rapid growth over the years.
According to some predictions, the global wearables market is expected to grow to up to 614.31 million units by 2025.
5G is expected to be one of the major drivers of this growth.
Currently, a lot of big players in the tech industries are developing a wide array of wearable devices that offer the same capabilities like mobile phones.
When 5G finally goes mainstream, we will most likely see rapid growth in the capacity of these wearables.
It is expected that wearables will eventually displace mobile phones as the sole solution to a wide range of digital needs of consumers.
One of the expected early adopters of 5G will be the automotive industry.
In fact, it is expected to be one of the largest market opportunities for IoT solutions built on 5G.
The increased connectivity and reduced latency potentials of 5G will boost the development of fully autonomous vehicles and expand some of their features that are currently in the works such as lane merger coordination, long-range sensors to detect and avoid pedestrians and obstacles among other features.
5G will also have an impact on the industry or manufacturing side of things like the increased real-time connectivity will potentially increase the productivity and efficiency of manufacturing processes.
Although a lot has been said about the potential benefits of 5G, this advancement will also reveal some new threats.
For instance, greater connectivity and wider adoption of 5G technology mean more data will be collected.
This drastically increases the risk and consequent damages of data breaches when they occur.
Also, many critical functions like healthcare, utility, sensors, and systems control will depend on 5G powered networks.
Putting all of these critical systems on 5G means the effect of network downtime, cyber-attacks, and other failures will be quite devastating.
Therefore, as conversations surrounding the applications of 5G become more popular, so will the concerns.
This is expected to give birth to several innovations in the area of network security to combat the threats.
5G will also transform the way apps are developed, how these apps such as the Android Mod Games and Apps and other mobile apps will be built, and their applications.
The advent of 4G brought apps like Uber, Lyft, Snapchat, Facetime, and several others with it.
These apps allowed us to do a lot more with mobile devices. When 5G fully arrives, we can expect many interesting innovations in mobile app development too.
A transmission speed of up to 20Gbps would mean that apps and websites would load faster.
This will inevitably allow the development of mobile apps powered by AR/VR and AI/ML.
Zero-latency also means an improvement in cloud technology. We will most likely be seeing more cloud-hosted applications.
Mobile apps of the future will also become more in the future especially in terms of geolocation and geotagging.
The higher radio frequency of 5G will enhance the user experience with mobile apps.
Apps will become more efficient as their connectivity will be highly improved and they will consume less power due to low latency.
Although it will still be sometime become 5G becomes fully deployed, the next few years will be an interesting one in terms of advancement in technology.
5G will play an integral role in driving development and accelerating innovations across various sectors.